Home>Fire>Fire and Rescue >Firefighters’ cancer risk to be identified through new national database

Firefighters’ cancer risk to be identified through new national database

08 February 2021

RESEARCHERS AT the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan) have created a new nationwide database designed to assess the potential link between exposure to fire toxicants and the increased occurrence of cancers and other diseases among firefighters.

Known as the UK Firefighters Cancer and Disease Registry, the database will collect information on firefighters’ work routines, exposure to fire effluents, lifestyle and health. This will enable scientists to identify and recognise most common cancers and diseases related to firefighters’ work and, in the future, offer preventative health screening, education and support that’s specifically designed to protect firefighters’ health.

Initiated and co-sponsored by the Fire Brigades Union (FBU) and clinicians working at the Royal Preston Hospital, the project will allow UCLan researchers to analyse data on a long-term basis. As part of this, they will track the number of cancer cases among firefighters over time, investigate possible causes of cancer – such as exposure to fire toxicants – and other diseases and also evaluate the risk of different cancers among firefighters compared with the rest of the population.

This research will allow scientists to fully understand the link between the exposure to fire effluents that firefighters face at work and the prevalence of cancers or other diseases. All firefighters, both serving and retired, as well as those that have or have not been previously diagnosed with an illness will be invited to register.

Independent report

This research follows on from an independent UCLan report commissioned by the FBU that provides guidance for Fire Brigades on how to minimise exposure to fire effluents, as well as highlighting the high levels of carcinogens present in the working environment of firefighters.

Professor Anna Stec of the UCLan, who specialises in researching fire chemistry and toxicity, said: “The UK’s National Cancer Registry and Analysis Service is currently not able to provide any reliable data on cancer incidence or mortality among firefighters. Setting up the UK Firefighters Cancer and Disease Registry will enable us to identify and keep track of all firefighters who have been diagnosed with cancer and other diseases, as well as identify any association between firefighters’ occupation and exposure to fire carcinogens.”

Professor Stec added: “We’re calling on all firefighters, including those new to the career and those that have moved on, to register with the UK Firefighters Cancer and Disease Registry. Filling in this registry will help us to track the rates of cancer and disease cases over time, as well as helping us to recognise the most common diseases and cancers related to firefighters work and the exposure to fire toxins.”

Huge risks

Matt Wrack, general secretary at the FBU, commented: “Firefighters take on huge risks when tackling an emergency, but the hazards posed to their health don’t stop when a fire’s extinguished. Every current and former firefighter who has suffered a serious or chronic illness needs to add their name to this register so that we can further expose the shocking numbers of firefighters suffering from cancer and other diseases.”

Wrack went on to state: “In Canada and parts of the US, the link between firefighting and deadly diseases has been recognised in legislation, allowing firefighters and their families to receive compensation where health has been affected or where firefighters have died as a result. We need to be doing far more to avoid contamination in the first place. Also, as the body of evidence continues to grow here, politicians in the UK must be willing to step up and protect their own firefighters.”

The UK Firefighters Cancer and Disease Registry can be accessed on the UCLan website at www.uclan.ac.uk/FCDR All data is stored securely and anonymously, and firefighters can request that their data is withdrawn at any time.

The Registry asks about the diagnosis of cancers and a number of common illnesses, among them nervous system diseases, acute ischaemic heart disease, chronic ischaemic heart disease, stroke, cerebrovascular disease, aortic aneurysm, circulatory system disease, chronic pulmonary disease, interstitial pulmonary disease, fibrosis and cirrhosis of the liver, other diseases of the liver and renal diseases.